Waste Sector

Basic Strategy

For the purpose of pursuing a sustainable society, the EPA establishes the "Zero Waste Policy." The main strategy is as follows:

  1. resource usage reduction.
  2. waste disposal classification.
  3. waste recycling.

 

Waste Management Actions

This "Zero Waste Policy" is a modification of the original solid waste management system, which was dominated by landfill disposal and waste combustion. The new system’s focus is on waste reduction and recycling.

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(1). General Waste Management

The new policy has reduced the average daily waste generated per capita from 1.143 Kg (1997) to 0.501 Kg (2009).

The CH4 generated from the anoxygenic reactions of organics in wastes are released to the air due to burying the wastes. However, the greenhouse effect caused by one unit of CH4 is 23 times the greenhouse effect made by CO2 (IPCC 2001 third report). Due to advancement of incineration technology, the government had beeen continuously building incinerators since the 80s and widely adopting incineration technology to replace the traditional landfill method of burying garbage in the ground.

(2). Industrial Waste Management

In 2000, the EPA formulated the "National Industrial Waste Disposal and Management Program" and established the "Industrial Waste Control Center" as well as a reporting system that controls the complete life cycle of industrial wastes from production to disposal. With source management, registrations and inspections, the EPA inspects unidentified industrial waste dump sites and has established a complete database. The administration also manages government waste disposal departments and cooperates with private waste disposal companies to solve the problem of insufficient capacity of waste disposal facilities.

(3). Efforts on Reducing Bio-Gas Emissions

In response to global climate change and to improve domestic air quality, the EPA has long been in support of developing low discharge technologies as the major policy to reduce methane, a greenhouse gas, and encourage waste recycling.

Major bio-gases in Taiwan come from animal husbandry, municipal sewage, industry wastewater and urban landfill sites. Among these, only large scale landfills, with filling capacity more than 1 million tons, can develop commercial power generation connecting to main grid economically, while others are mainly for self usage as boiler fuel or small scale power generations.

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